Baseball is a sport that dates back as far as 1744 and formats of the game have been in place until the modern era today. The game is predominantly big in North America, Canada and Japan. The game is played worldwide with the pinnacle of sport coming from the World Series of Baseball. Ironically this event is only competed by North American teams.
Object of the Game
The object of baseball is to score more runs than your opponent. The idea is to hit the ball thrown at you as far as you can before running around 4 bases to complete a run. Once a player manages to get around the four bases before being tagged out then another batter comes in.
Players & Equipment
A game is played out between two teams each made up of 9 players. The game lasts for 9 innings with each team batting and fielding once in each innings. The scores at the end of the innings are added to a cumulative score and the team with most points wins. Each team has three outs per innings before they then swap roles. Each innings can be broken down into the top (where there away team bats) and the bottom (where the home team bats).
The field is split into two sections; infield and outfield. Separating the infield and outfield is a diamond shape with four bases spaced at 90 feet apart each. In the center of the infield is the pitching mound where the pitcher will stand and throw the ball towards the batter. The better will be stood at home plate. The other three bases are known as first base, second base and third base. The batter must touch all bases before successfully scoring a run.
The bats are made out of either wood, aluminium or metal materials. The ball is white with red stitching and is roughly 3 inches in diameter. The fielding team wear ‘mits’ which are basically an oversized glove to help them catch and pick up the ball. The catcher (stood behind the batter to catch any balls missed) will wear extra padding in their glove along with leg guards, a body pad and helmet.
To score a batter must first strike the ball and make it around all four bases before the fielding team collect the ball and throws into the base they are running too. A player can score a mandatory point if they hit a home run which requires the ball to leave the playing area and often end in the crowd. A player can stop at any base if they feel they might not make the next base before being tagged out.
Players can score multiple points from one hit if more than one player is already on one of the bases. If there is a player on every base then it’s known as the ‘bases are loaded’. Depending on how many players get round to home plate before being tagged will depend on how many points you score. A maximum of four points can be scored on one hit.
Winning the Game
To win a game you must outscore your opposition through the 9 innings played. The team with the most points after 9 innings is deemed the winner. In the event of a tie and extra innings is played until a winner has been concluded.
Rules of Baseball
- Baseball has two teams of 9 players.
- The fielding team’s positions are made up of a pitcher, catcher, first baseman, second baseman, shortstop, third baseman then three outfielders at left field, centre field and right field.
- Games last for 9 innings of which both teams get to bat once. If the game is a tie after 9 innings then an extra innings will be added until a winner is found. If the team batting second in the bottom of the 9th innings are already ahead on points then they do not need to complete their batting innings.
- Once a batting order is picked then it cannot be changed throughout the game. Substitutes are permitted but they must bat where the previous player was batting.
- If the batter manages to hit the ball from the pitcher then they must make an effort to at least get to first base. They can then run to as many bases as they wish before being tagged out. Each base must be touched with some part of the batters body when running past.
- A batter gets up to three strikes before given out. A strike is deemed when a batter swings for a ball and misses it. The batter can leave the ball but if it’s within a certain area called the strike zone then a strike will also be given. If four balls miss the strike zone and the batter does not swing their bat then they can walk to first base.
- When on base the batter can then run to the next base at any point.
- Players can be dismissed by either a strike out (batsmen missing the ball three times), force out (when a player fails to make the base before the defensive player), Fly out (when the ball is hit in the air and caught without it bouncing) and tag outs (where a defensive player with the ball tags the batsmen with the ball whilst they are running).